The chromatin structure of Fission yeast centromeres is regulated epigenetically. In the central core domain, the histone H3 variant Cnp1(CENP-A) plays a key role. In the flanking heterochromatin domain, histones are kept underacetylated by the histone deacetylases (HDACs) Clr3, Clr6 and Sir2, and methylated by Clr4 methyltransferase (HMTase) to create a specific binding site for the Swi6 protein. Swi6 then directly mediates cohesin binding to the centromeric heterochromatin. Recognizes and binds histone H3 tails methylated at Lys-9, leading to epigenetic repression. Involved in the repression of the silent mating-type loci MAT2 and MAT3. May compact MAT2/3 into a heterochromatin-like conformation which represses the transcription of these silent cassettes.
Swi6 interacts with histone H3 methylated at Lys-9 and with the cohesin subunit psc3.
Swi6 associates with Swi4 to activate HO and many other late G1-specific transcripts in budding yeast. In contrast, histone H3 methylated at Lys9 and its interacting protein Swi6/HP1, which define heterochromatin, coated extended domains associated with a variety of repeat elements and small islands corresponding to meiotic genes. Contains two chromo domains.
Suitable for use in ELISA and Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. For long-term storage and to avoid repeated freezing and thawing, add sterile glycerol (40-50%), aliquot and store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.