Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is a regulatory enzyme in lipogenesis. The SCD1 gene is tightly regulated by signals such as insulin, leptin, carbohydrate, fatty acids and temperature. The enzyme (mouse 355 aa, rat 358 aa; ?37,000 Da) is constitutively expressed in adipose tissue and is induced in liver in response to fat-free, high-carbohydrate diet. The SCD-1 expression is higher in female than in male mice. The repression of RNA levels and enzyme activity of hepatic SCD-1 by leptin has been shown to significantly reduce the triglyceride storage, VLDL production and therefore an increase in fatty acid oxidation. Inhibition of SCD-1 may be beneficial for the treatment of obesity, hepatic steatosis and other metabolic disorders.
Suitable for use in ELISA, Western Blot, Immunoprecipitation and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.