SMAD proteins transmit signals from transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors to the nucleus.Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta stimulation leads to phosphorylation and activation of Smad2 and Smad3, which form complexes with Smad4 that accumulate in the nucleus and regulate transcription of target genes. Smad2 and Smad3 share highly homology. SMAD2/SMAD3 signal transduction appeared to be important in the regulation of muscle-specific genes. SMAD proteins transmit signals from transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors to the nucleus. Smad2 is a 58kD member of a family of proteins involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development.Smad3 is a 50kD member of a family of proteins that act as key mediators of TGF beta superfamily signaling in cell proliferation, differentiation and development.
Suitable for use in Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20 degrees C. Stable for 12 months at -20 degrees C. Reconstitute with sterile dH20. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Reconstituted product is stable for 12 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.