Clavulanic acid is a beta-lactam antibiotic produced by several species of the genus Streptomyces. The free acid degrades and is isolated and maintained as either the sodium or potassium salt. Clavulanate is a weak antibiotic but is a potent inhibitor of beta- lactamases. In combination with penicillin and cephalosporins it shows potent synergistic activity. Clavulanic acid is a suicide inhibitor, covalently binding to a serine residue in the active site of the beta-lactamase.
Soluble in water, DMSO, Methanol, Ethanol and DMF.
Storage and Stability:
Lyophilized powder may be stored at -20 degrees C. Stable for 12 months at -20 degrees C. Reconstitute with sterile buffer. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.