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TREM-2 (Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells 2, Triggering Receptor Expressed on Monocytes 2, Trem2, Trem2a, Trem2b, Trem2c)

Cat no: T8282-11D

Supplier: United States Biological
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TREM-2 is a 26kD transmembrane glycoprotein that consists of a single extracellular immunoglobulin-like domain, a transmembrane region with a charged lysine residue and a short cytoplasmic tail. It associates with DNAX-activation protein 12 (DAP12) for signaling and function. TREM-2 is expressed on immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells. After activation by microbial products or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and TNF-related proteins, dendritic cells downregulate the expression of TREM-2. TREM-2 is also expressed by osteoclasts and microglia, where it is involved in bone modeling and brain function, respectively. Another role of TREM-2 might be promoting the removal of apoptotic cells, organic matrix and macromolecules by microglia. Defects in TREM-2 are a cause of polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL), also called presenile dementia with bone cysts or Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD). TREM-2, like TREM-1, can be cleaved on the membrane to release a soluble form of TREM-2 (sTREM-2). Elevated levels of sTREM-2 in CSF of multiple sclerosis patients have been detected. This elevated level may inhibit the anti-inflammatory function of the membrane-bound receptor suggesting sTREM-2 to be a possible target for future therapies. Applications: Suitable for use in ELISA, Immunoprecipitation and Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested. Recommended Dilutions: Flow Cytometry: 1:50 Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher. Storage and Stability: May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.
Catalogue number: T8282-11D
Reactivities: Mouse
Hosts: Rat
Applications: ELISA, Flow Cytometry, Immunoprecipitation
Size: 100ug
Form: Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.1% BSA, 0.02% sodium azide.
P type: Mab
Isotype: IgG2b
Purity: Purified
References: 1. Koga, T et al; Costimulatory signals mediated by the ITAM motif cooperate with RANKL for bone homeostasis. Nature 2004, 428: 758.
Additional info: Recognizes mouse membrane-bound as well as soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2.

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