TREM-2 is a 26kD transmembrane glycoprotein that consists of a single extracellular immunoglobulin-like domain, a transmembrane region with a charged lysine residue and a short cytoplasmic tail. It associates with DNAX-activation protein 12 (DAP12) for signaling and function. TREM-2 is expressed on immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells. After activation by microbial products or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and TNF-related proteins, dendritic cells downregulate the expression of TREM-2. TREM-2 is also expressed by osteoclasts and microglia, where it is involved in bone modeling and brain function, respectively. Another role of TREM-2 might be promoting the removal of apoptotic cells, organic matrix and macromolecules by microglia. Defects in TREM-2 are a cause of polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (PLOSL), also called presenile dementia with bone cysts or Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD). TREM-2, like TREM-1, can be cleaved on the membrane to release a soluble form of TREM-2 (sTREM-2). Elevated levels of sTREM-2 in CSF of multiple sclerosis patients have been detected. This elevated level may inhibit the anti-inflammatory function of the membrane-bound receptor suggesting sTREM-2 to be a possible target for future therapies.
Suitable for use in ELISA, Immunoprecipitation and Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested.
Flow Cytometry: 1:50
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.