Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, occurs during normal cellular differentiation and development of multicellular organisms. Apoptosis is induced by certain cytokines including TNF and Fas ligand in the TNF family through their death domain containing receptors, TNFR1 and Fas. A novel member in the TNF family was recently identified and designated TRAIL (for TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) and Apo-2L (for Apo-2 ligand) (6,7). TRAIL is a type II membrane protein and expressed in a variety of human tissues. Two novel death domain containing receptors DR4 and DR5 have been identified as the receptor for TRAIL3-6. Like TNF and Fas ligand, TRAIL induces apoptosis and NF-kB activation in many tissues and cells.
Suitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Positive Control: Jurkat
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. For long-term storage and to avoid repeated freezing and thawing, add sterile glycerol (40-50%), aliquot and store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 3 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.