TLRs belong to a family of proteins that specifically recognize and sense microbial products. They are highly conserved throughout evolution. In Drosophila, toll is required for the anti-fungal response, while the related 18-wheeler is involved in antibacterial defences. TLRs identified as type I transmembrane signalling receptors act as innate immune recognition receptors against many pathogens. TLR4 is a functional receptor for gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS). TLR4 associates with MD-2 which is absolutely required for LPS-induced activation of TLR4. TLR4 has been identified next to MD-2 and CD14 as a receptor that is central to the innate immune response to LPS of Gram-negative bacteria. This monoclonal antibody is a TLR4 function-blocking antibody that is useful for studies on the role of TLR4 as a receptor for LPS induced cytokine production by TLR4 bearing cells.
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested.
Flow Cytometry: 1:50
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.