Smad proteins, the mammalian homologs of the Drosophila Mothers against dpp (Mad), have been implicated as downstream effectors of TGFb/BMP signaling. Smad1, Smad5, and Smad8 are effectors of BMP2 and BMP4 function while Smad2 and Smad3 are involved in TGF-b and activin-mediated growth modulation. Smad4 has been shown to mediate all of the above activities through interaction with various Smad family members. Smad6 and Smad7 regulate the response to activin/TGFb signaling by interfering with TGFb-mediated phosphorylation of other Smad family members.
Suitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Western Blot: 0.5-4ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.