Siglecs are I-type (Ig-type) lectins belonging to the Ig superfamily. They are characterized by an N-terminal, Ig-like V-type domain that mediates sialic acid binding, followed by varying numbers of Ig-like C2-type domains (2 to17), a single transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic tail. The siglecs can be broadly classified into two subgroups: siglecs-1, -2, and -4, and a siglec-3/CD33-related subgroup (siglecs-3, and -5 through -13 in primates) defined by sequence similarity and clustered gene localization. They are widely expressed on hematopoietic cells, often in a cell-type-specific manner. Siglec-4/MAG is a myelin component in Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. Their ligands, sialic acids, are negatively charged monosaccharides found on cell-surface glycoproteins and glycolipids. Although siglec functions continue to be defined, most have intracellular immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM), implicating them in the suppression of immunoreceptor signaling. They may also participate in cell/cell interactions or act as receptors for the entry of viral or bacterial pathogens.
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. For long-term storage and to avoid repeated freezing and thawing, add sterile glycerol (40-50%), aliquot and store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 6 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.