NFkB is a heterodimer that consists of a 50kD DNA binding subunit (p50) and a 65kD transactivation subunit (p65/RelA). Both of these subunits exhibit sequence homology to the protooncogene c-Rel. The p50 has an isoform called p49/p52, and both proteins are derived from the amino-terminal of precursor protein p105 and p100. The p50/p65 heterodimer remains in the cytosol in an inactive form as a complex with its inhibitor, IkB. Upon stimulation of cells by a wide variety of stimuli such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 & TNF, etc.), and viral infection, IkB is phosphorylated and degraded by proteosome. The active NFkB heterodimer is translocated into the nucleus and induces gene expression.
Suitable for use in Western Blot and Immunocytochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Western Blot: 0.5-4ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.