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KIR2DL4 (p58 KIR, CD158, KIR-103AS, Killer Cell Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like Receptor) (PE)

Cat no: K1858-49D

Supplier: United States Biological
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KIR2DL4 (2DL4, p49, CD158d, KIR103) is a type I transmembrane protein of the killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) family expressed on NK and subsets of gamma delta T and memory/effector abT cells. KIR2DL4 is a unique KIR;1-3 alleles are not clonally restricted but are expressed codominantly4 in all activated NK cells and constitutively on CD56hi NK cells. KIR members with two Ig-like domains (2D) usually express domains D1 and D2, but KIR2DL4 expresses D0 and D2. Other long-tailed (L) KIR have two cytoplasmic inhibitory signaling domains (ITIM), but KIR2DL4 has one ITIM and also exhibits characteristics of activating KIR.2 An arginine within the transmembrane sequence of KIR2DL4 interacts with the signaling molecule FcERI-g, while in activating KIR, a transmembrane lysine interacts with DAP12.1, 5 The KIR2DL4 gene is highly polymorphic. Seven splice variants missing one or more exons have been identified, but it is not clear whether these are expressed. Several of the nine alleles identified encode a frameshift creating a prematurely truncated protein; it is estimated that up to 25% of humans do not express KIR2DL4 capable of reaching the cell surface.1, 7, 10 Human KIR2DL4 is 65%-83% amino acid identical to other primates. KIR receptors have no structural orthologs in non-primates, although mouse Ly49 proteins are functional orthologs. Cross-linking of KIR2DL4 induces NK cells to produce IFN-g;6, 7 stimulation with IL-2 upregulates cell surface expression on CD56dim cells and allows cytotoxicity.7 Although a role in immune privilege of the fetus has been suggested due to reported recognition of fetal trophoblast HLA-G by KIR2DL4 in the maternal decidua,11 subsequent data have not supported this recognition.1, 9 Applications: Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested. Recommended Dilution: Flow Cytometry: 1:10ul labels 1x10e5 cells. Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher. Storage and Stability: May be stored at 4 degrees C before opening. DO NOT FREEZE! Stable at 4 degrees C as an undiluted liquid. Dilute only prior to immediate use. Stable for at least 12 months at 4 degrees C. Freezing R-Phycoerythrin (PE) conjugates will result in a substantial loss of activity. PE conjugates are sensitive to light.
Catalogue number: K1858-49D
Reactivities: Human
Hosts: Mouse
Applications: Flow Cytometry
Size: 100Tests
Form: Supplied as a liquid in PBS, 0.1% sodium azide. Labeled with R-PHYCOERYTHRIN (PE).
P type: Mab
Isotype: IgG2A
Purity: Purified.
References: 1. Lanier, L.L., 2005, Annu. Rev. Immunol. 23:225 - 274. 2. Faure, M. and E.O. Long, 2002, J. Immunol. 168:6208 - 6214. 3. Selvakumar, A. et al., 1996, Tissue Antigens 48:285 - 294. 4. Chan, H.-W. et al., 2003, J. Exp. Med. 197:245 - 255. 5. Kikuchi-Maki, A. et al., 2005, J. Immunol. 174:3859 - 3863. 6. Rajagopalan, S. et al., 2001, J. Immunol. 167:1877 - 1881. 7. Kikuchi-Maki, A. et al., 2003, J. Immunol. 171:3415 - 3425. 8. Gedil, M.A. et al., 2005, Tissue Antigens 65:402 - 418. 9. Witt, C.S. et al., 2002, Eur. J. Immunol. 32:18 - 29.10. Goodridge, J.P. et al., 2003, J. Immunol. 171:1768 - 1774. 11. Ponte, M. et al., 1999, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:5674 - 4679.
Additional info: Recognizes human KIR2DL4.

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