Interleukin-22 (IL-22), also known as IL-10-related T cell-derived inducible factor (IL-TIF), was initially identified as a gene induced by IL-9 in mouse T cells and mast cells. Mouse IL-22 cDNA encodes a 179 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a putative 33 aa signal peptide that is cleaved to generate a 147 aa mature protein that shares approximately 79% and 22% aa sequence identity with human IL-22 and IL-10, respectively. The mouse IL-22 gene is localized to chromosome 10. Although it exists as a single copy gene in many mouse strains, the IL-22 gene is duplicated in some mouse strains including C57BL/6, FVB and 129. The two mouse genes designated IL-TIFalpha and IL-TIFBeta, share greater than 98% sequence homology in their coding region. IL-22 has been shown to activate STAT-1 and STAT-3 in several hepatoma cell lines and upregulate the production of acute phase proteins. IL-22 is produced by normal mouse T cells upon Con A activation. Mouse IL-22 expression is also induced in various organs upon lipopolysaccharide injection, suggesting that IL-22 may be involved in inflammatory responses. The functional IL-22 receptor complex consists of two receptor subunits, IL-22R (previously an orphan receptor named CRF2-9) and IL-10RBeta (previously known as CRF2-4), belonging to the class II cytokine receptor family (Dumoutier, L. et al., 2000, J. Immunol.)
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested.
Flow Cytometry: Use 10ul to label 5x10e5 cells.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. FITC conjugates are sensitive to light.