Erk (Extracellular signal-Related Kinase) is a family of two, highly homologous proteins denoted as Erk1 (p44, MAPK3) and Erk2 (p42, MAPK1) that both function in the same pathway. The two proteins are often referred to collectively as Erk1/2 or p44/p42 MAP kinase. The Erk pathway is considered the classical, canonical MAPK (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase) signaling pathway. It is an evolutionarily conserved pathway that controls and is a critical regulator of the growth and survival through the promotion of cell proliferation and the prevention of apoptosis. Erk is involved in the control of many fundamental cellular processes including cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, apoptosis, motility and metabolism. Erk is activated by growth factor stimulation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), GPCR, and/or integrin stimulation. This activates the Ras-Raf-MEK-Erk pathway that results in the phosphorylation/activation of Erk1/2 (p44/p42) on the TxY motif (Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187 for Erk1 & Erk2, respectively).
Suitable for use in Western Blot, Immunoprecipitation, Immunohistochemistry and Immunocytochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Western Blot: 1:5000
Immunohistochemistry: 1:100. Paraffin
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.