CD106, also known as INCAM-1, is a 100-110kD vascular adhesion cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) that is member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD106 is expressed predominantly on cytokine-activated vascular endothelium but has also been identified on interfollicular dendritic cells, some macrophages and bone marrow stromal cells. Endothelial CD106 binds the integrins alpha4beta1 (CD49d/CD29, VLA-4) and alpha4beta7 and contributes to extravasation of lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils and eosinophils (but not neutrophils) from blood vessels, particularly at sites of inflammation. Unlike the beta2 integrins, the CD106-VLA-4 interaction can mediate both the initial tethering and rolling of lymphocytes on endothelium as well as their subsequent arrest and firm adhesion. CD106 expressed on non-vascular tissues has been implicated in the interaction of hematopoietic progenitors with bone marrow stromal cells, B cell binding to follicular dendritic cells, costimulation of T cells, and embryonic development (1-4).
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry, ELISA, Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry. Other applications not tested.
Flow Cytometry: 10ul/1x10e6 cells
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. FITC conjugates are sensitive to light.