Three distinct signaling pathways lead to programmed cell death (apoptosis). The death receptor and mitochondrion pathways are the mains two pathways, in which the key apoptotic proteases caspase-8 and caspase-9, respectively, are involved. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is the third apoptotic pathway and caspase-12 is involved. Caspase-12 is located to the ER, but not to the cytoplasm or mitochondrion. Caspase-12 is activated by ER stress, including disruption of ER calcium hemeostasis, and mediates ER stress-induced apoptosis. Caspase-12 is localized to the ER with several proteins that are involved in Alzheimer's disease including gamma-secretase presenilin and b-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Caspase-12 mediates cytotoxicity induced by amyloid-b. Caspase-12 is ubiquitously expressed in mouse tissues.
Suitable for use in Western Blot. Other applications not tested.
Western Blot: 0.5-4ug/ml
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for 12 months. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.