The calcium-activated protease calpain leaves a variety of biologically important proteins and
serves, therefore, as a key regulator of many cellular functions. Activation of both main isoforms, calpain 1 and calpain 2, was demonstrated previously in Alzheimer's disease.Calpain 2 could be directly involved in tau hyperphosphorylation by modulating protein kinase activities. Results provide evidence of the important role of the calpain proteolytic system in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases with tau neurofibrillary pathology (1).Calpain is intimately involved in modulating cell adhesion and migration. The two ubiquitous isoforms of this protease, calpain I and II, are considered to be cytosolic proteins that can translocate to both focal complexes/adhesions or the plasma membrane.results reveal an increased association of calpain I, II, calpastatin, and the 30kDa regulatory subunit with the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus as evidenced by their position in the gradient relative to calnexin, Rab6, caveolin, and beta1 integrin after laminin stimulation.Further experiments established that calpain II colocalizes with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. (2).
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry, ELISA, Western Blot and Immunoprecipitation. Other applications not tested.
Flow Cytometry: 1:60
Western Blot: 1:500
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
May be stored at 4 degrees C for short-term only. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20 degrees C. Aliquots are stable for at least 12 months at -20 degrees C. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer.
Manufactured incorporating RabMAb(R) technology under Epitomics US patents, No 5,675,063 and 7,429,487, owned by Abcam.